• Artificial Insemination (A.I.) & Breed Improvement  Programme
  • FIP
  • PEP

Milk Union's priority is focused on extending the scope of Animal Husbandry and technical services to sustain & enhance milk production by increasing awareness of farmers. To speed up operations concerning technical services & Animal Husbandry, the Milk Union has appointed Dr.P.N.Roy choudhaury as Consultant to guide the Union on Animal husbandry & Artificial insemination activities.

Three main objective is to replace the number of low/unproductive cows & buffaloes with animals of better productivity and arrange quality inputs.

SIRE DIRETORY containing photographs and pedigree details of bulls have been prepared for AI workers and farmers to improve their knowledge and benefits of artificial insenmination programme.

Other inputs like treatment of first aid cases, deworming of animals, organization of health camps, vaccination of animals, supply of balanced cattle feed and Mineral Mixture are being actively considered by the Milk Union for the advantage of farmers to increase milk production and productivity.

Artificial Insemination (A.I.) & Breed Improvement Programme Artificial Insemination (A.I.) is the most important input for breed improvement by reducing the age at first calving and calving interval besides controlling reproductive and other diseases. This input delivery requires good training, field practice, careful operation and strict supervision.

For Breed improvement under this programme, special care has been taken to avoid inbreeding which affects milk production parameters. Frozen semen doses of bulls, procured during last 10 years have been stopped and new bulls with excellent pedigree have been considered.

Glimpses of growth in input services during last three years (The figures are in (+/-)

SN PRODUCTS 2011-'12 VS 2012-'13 20012-'13 VS 2013-'14 20013-'14 VS 2014-'15 20014-'15 VS 2016-'16 20015-‘16 VS 2016-‘17
    (+/-) (+/-) (+/-) (+/-) (+/-)
1. A.I.Centre 0 9 11 61 -3
2. A.I.Performed 2701 -4820 5602 3914 5466
3. Calves Born 2431 -3091 11 2944 111
4. FirstAid Centres 0 9 11 61 -3
5. First Aid cases -1234 6529 2336 911 14402
6. Health Camps 170 -81 286 295 -97
7. Animal Treated 54481 -22424 90657 96218 3538
8. FMD Vaccinations 76842 17079 13000 -8500 164250

*Vaccines not available
To extend the activity of artificial insemination, we have started monitoring the system through our veterinary officers. The meeting of all the staff members associated with this activity is held every month. Expected results are also coming up. By the end of this year 183 cluster of artificial insemination were in operation where 80986 inseminations were done, which shows a growth of 27%.

From the above table, it is evident that there is significant increase in all inputs during 2016-17. The cluster A.I.Centres organized in Rajkot District have been grouped in 5 Zones.

Artifical insemination
To extend the activities of A.I. we have started monitoring of all centers through our veterinary officers. The bimonthly meeting of all A.I. workers and concern staff officers is held regularly. Total 183 A.I. centers are established and 80986 animals have been inseminated upto March-2017.The cluster A.I. Centers organized in Rajkot District have been grouped in 5 zones.

    2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Cluster centres of Mostly Wankaner Taluka Zone A 42 42 26 25
Cluster centres of Mostly Rajkot Taluka Zone B 49 67 50 42
Cluster centres of Mostly Jasdan Taluka Zone C 66 57 43 53
Cluster centres of Mostly Gondal Taluka Zone D 40 47 32 30
Cluster Center of Mostly Jamkandorana Taluka Zone E - 48 18 15

Figures in parenthesis ( ) are number of cluster centres: Monthly average of Zone C is highest.


There are various reasons for low fertility which leads to Low Productivity and treated during Animal Health Camps. But in view of significant financial loss to farmers, a special programme with the assistance of the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. was started during 2007-08 to address the problems of low fertility: managemental, physiological/biological & nutritional etc.

Each year 200 New Dairy Cooperative Societies are considered under Fertility Improvement Programme and animals with reproductive problems are registered in first two camps organized at about 60 days interval. In total 4/5 camps are organized in a Dairy Cooperative Society under Fertility Improvement Programme. Till now, 8 rounds of Fertility Improvement Programme have been competed in 651 Dairy Cooperative Societies and the 9th round is in progress.

S. N FIP year No. of DCS under FIP No. of FIP registered Animal during 1st camp 2nd camp registered Total registered animals Total Pregnant Animals % Achievement Total Deworming Doses Total FMD Doses
1 2007-08 40 1466 416 1882 1688 89% 18739 14585
2 2008-09 40 1827 390 2217 1848 83% 31309 16281
3 2009-10 40 1713 283 1996 1751 60% 24600 13565
4 2010-11 40 1319 390 1709 1347 79% 29350 15865
5 2011-12 44 1814 190 2004 1429 71.3% 31790 15700
6 2012-13 40 1117 464 1581 1108 70% 21810 12765
7 2014-15 204 6988 2510 9498 6942 73.09% 115700 57350
8 2015-16 203 6139 2224 8363 6115 73% 109610 59340
9 2016-17 201 7652 2878 10530 8030 76% 104500 82550

Under Fertility Improvement Programme besides treatment of reproductive problems farmers are advised of better management and feeding of quality balanced cattle feed and Mineral Mixture which is normally not practiced by farmers. Add to it, in view of its importance deworming and FMD vaccinations have been made prerequisites of Fertility Improvement Programme .The achievements of Fertility Improvement Programme camps is as above.

To follow-up animals covered under Fertility Improvement Programme and also to add uncovered animals, another activity Productivity Enhancement Programme was initiated but under this programme 105 Dairy Cooperative Societies have been covered.

Productivity Enhancement Programme( PEP )
It is a follow up programme to maintain the cows and buffaloes, registered under FIP in sound reproductive health with regular calving and also to include new animals which are not covered earlier. All cows and buffaloes being inseminated or to be inseminated by the AI workers are registered under PEP.

The objectives of PEP is to reduce inter calving period/age at first calving and increase reproductive efficiency thereby saving the farmers from economical loss.

In other words , FIP is an eye opener for the farmers to demonstrate that the cows and buffaloes can reproduce after good management,feeding and treatment if necessary.

PEP on the other hand , help the farmers to continue the economical benefits of maintaining a cow and buffaloe.


Organisation of Animal Health Camps is one of the important inputs started initially. Gradually.Farmers participation increased significantly and during 2016-17, 263959 animals were treated in 819 Animal Health Camps organised by the Milk Union.


Regular vaccination against FMD have been started and Milk Union is trying to make it compulsory. Deworming and FMD vaccinations have been made prerequisites of Fertility Improvement Programme and during 2016-17 , 376300 animals have been vaccinated against FMD abd upto Mar-17, 315100 animals have been deworming done.

In addition, Milk Union is joining hands with the AH & Vet. Dept. of Govt. for H.S.,B.Q. & recently Brucellosis is vaccination.


In absence of production facility.Rajkot milk Union is procuring these materials from other sources while strictly maintaining its quality. Siva June 2012,RMU is regularly procuring Razdan Catle Feed & area specific minerd mixture from Razdan Cuttle Feed Plant, Khanderi of INDIAN IMMUNO LO6lCALS Ltd. A Wholly Owned Subsidiary of the National Dairy Development Board.


This programme is tobeing initiated under the technical assistance of NDDB for monitoring the progress of field AI activities and benefit the farmers with early information like A.I. of cows & buffaloes, pregnancy confirmation, approx. date of calving, occurrence of heat after calving etc to alert the farmer in time for necessary arrangements and economic benefit. All cows & buffaloes under this programme are to be identified by ear tagging by AI workers at the time of AI and subsequent information is fed to the server using internet facilities. Caution messages will directly come to the farmers from the server of NDDB. Initial actions have been initiated by the Milk Union.


As per existing information, only 20% breedable animals are covered under AI which is planned to increase to about 45% by 2020 which will need huge quantity of doses, establishment of New Semen Production Stations and upgradation of old stations for semen production.

In addition, the requirement of quality pedigreed bull for N.S. is a matter of great concern and the Animal Health Departments of each State have been given the responsibility to produce Bull Calf of the State breeds under the National Policy on Cow & Buffaloe Breeding(NPCBB).

Gujarat Livestock Development Board(GLDDB) has been given the responsibility to select and produce bull calves of high yielding Gir and Jaffrabadi breeds. The selected bull calves will be procured by the GLDB for which Rajkot Milk Union has received financial assistance of Rs. 36 lakhs.


To decrease morbidity and mortality of Newborn female calf through A.I. and to decrease age of first calving which is highly beneficial to the milk producers.This programme is run by combine efforts of GCMMF and milk union. In this programme 860 female calves have been registered.Technical assistance and subsidized balanced calf starter and cattle feed is provided to the farmers.

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